Read e-book online A Textbook of Orthodontics PDF

By T. D. Foster

ISBN-10: 0632026545

ISBN-13: 9780632026548

This textbook provides an figuring out of the history of scientific orthodontics, yet as a lot of medical orthodontics should be realized within the medical institution, the ebook emphasises equipment layout seeing that this is studied at the revealed web page. Divided extensively into 3 components the booklet first covers the rules of the teeth flow and remedy making plans together with extractions. the ultimate chapters clarify the mechanisms of detachable, fastened and useful equipment remedy together with the remedy of the most classifications of malocclusion

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Extra resources for A Textbook of Orthodontics

Example text

2 Correct crown angulation of the incisor teeth in the transverse plane. 3 Correct crown inclination of the incisor teeth in the sagittal plane. 4 An absence of rotation of individual teeth. 5 Correct contacts of individual teeth within each dental arch, with no spacing or crowding. 6 A flat or only slightly curved occlusal plane. Andrews postulated that if one or more of these features were incorrect, the occlusal relationships of the dentition could not be ideal. Andrews' 'keys' again relate particularly to static occlusion, but define features not included in Angle's classification.

6 On the working side in lateral movement there should be canine contact only. Summary Static occlusion The static contact of upper and lower teeth. Functional occlusion The dynamic movement of the lower jaw with teeth in contact. Mandibular positions 1 Non-ocdusal (a) Rest position—muscles relaxed; maintained by stretch reflex. (b) Adaptive postural positions—to achieve oral seal or oral respiration. 2 Occlusal {a) Retruded contact position—centric relation—the occlusal position with the mandibular condyles in the most posterior position.

Andrews' 'keys' again relate particularly to static occlusion, but define features not included in Angle's classification. Some criteria for ideals of functional occlusion were outlined by Roth (1976). The following is a paraphase of Roth's concepts, which are directed towards the ensurance of the maximum masticatory efficiency consistent with the minimum traumatic loading on the teeth and supporting tissues and the muscular and skeletal masticatory apparatus. 1 In the position of maximum intercuspation (centric occlusion) the mandibular condyles should be in their most superior and most retruded position in the condylar fossae.

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A Textbook of Orthodontics by T. D. Foster


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