Alex Kirlik's Adaptive Perspectives on Human-Technology Interaction: PDF

By Alex Kirlik

ISBN-10: 0195171829

ISBN-13: 9780195171822

In daily life, and especially within the sleek office, info expertise and automation more and more mediate, increase, and infrequently even intrude with how people engage with their atmosphere. how you can comprehend and aid cognition in human-technology interplay is either a virtually and socially correct challenge. The chapters during this quantity body this challenge in adaptive phrases: How are habit and cognition tailored, or even ill-adapted, to the calls for and possibilities of an atmosphere the place interplay is mediated via instruments and know-how? The authors draw seriously at the paintings of Egon Brunswik, a pioneer in ecological and cognitive psychology, in addition to on glossy refinements and extensions of Brunswikian rules, together with Hammond's Social Judgment concept, Gigerenzer's Ecological Rationality and Anderson's Rational research. encouraged via Brunswik's view of cognition as "coming to phrases" with the "casual texture" of the exterior international, the chapters during this quantity offer quantitative and computational types and measures for learning how humans come to phrases with an more and more technological ecology, and supply insights for aiding cognition and function via layout, education, and different interventions. The equipment, types, and measures awarded during this publication supply well timed and critical assets for addressing difficulties within the speedily growing to be box of human-technology interplay. The ebook may be of curiosity to researchers, scholars, and practitioners in human components, cognitive engineering, human-computer interplay, judgment and choice making, and cognitive technology.

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1987). From act psychology to probabilistic functionalism: The place of Egon Brunswik in the history of psychology. In M. G. Ash & W. R. ), Psychology in twentieth-century thought and society (pp. 115– 142). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mackinnon, A. , & Wearing, A. J. (1985). Systems analysis and dynamic decision making. Acta Psychologica, 58, 159–172. Mumpower, J. L. (2001). Brunswikian research on social perception, interpersonal learning and conflict, and negotiation. In K. R. Hammond & T.

In addition, the canonical correlation analysis by Degani, Shafto, and Kirlik (chapter 13) and Casner’s analysis of adaptation (chapter 14) are concerned with determining the task demands and environmental conditions to which aircraft pilots are sensitive in deciding where to set the aircraft’s mode of control on a continuum between fully manual and fully automatic. In both cases, the goal of describing the internal details of the pilot’s decision process is deferred. In other chapters, the authors depart more radically from the use of linear models and techniques (see Dawes, 1979; Dawes & Corrigan, 1974) to describe people’s judgment policies.

Second, one must study the organismic system to determine which of the (potential) proximal/peripheral cues are actually used and in what strengths. Finally, the environmental and organismic systems must be compared to see if the organism’s utilization of cues is appropriate, where “[w]e may call it appropriate in a generalized sense if the strength of utilization of a cue is in line with the degree of its ecological validity” (Brunswik, 1957, p. 11). In sum, Brunswik’s theoretical ideas about functionalism and vicarious processing lead to a general outline for investigations of human–environment relations, an outline that continues to apply when these relations involve mediation by technologies of various sorts.

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Adaptive Perspectives on Human-Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction by Alex Kirlik


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