New PDF release: Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention
By Harold D. Holder
An individual's selection to take advantage of alcohol and the frequency, volume, and occasions of use are the results of a mix of organic and social elements. ingesting isn't just a private selection, but additionally a question of customized and social habit, and is inspired by means of entry and financial components together with degrees of disposable source of revenue and price of alcoholic drinks. until eventually prevention efforts stop to concentration narrowly at the person and start to undertake broader neighborhood views on alcohol difficulties and techniques to minimize them, those efforts will fail. the writer demanding situations the present implicit types utilized in alcohol challenge prevention and demonstrates an ecological point of view of the neighborhood as a fancy adaptive procedure composed of interacting subsystems. this significant quantity represents a brand new and good method of the prevention of alcohol dependence and alcohol-related difficulties.
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Additional info for Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention
Alcohol-involved problems result from patterns of drinking, which are expressed in the Consumption Subsystem, and they occur in the Social, Economic, and Health Consequences Subsystem. Such problems are responded to by the community's existing social and health institutions. For example, alcoholics or alcohol-dependent persons create demand for alcohol recovery services, and alcohol-involved injuries create demand for emergency and trauma care. In these ways, linkages are established among the six subsystems, as illustrated in Fig.
Feedback refers to theflowof information (or other resources) from one level of the system to another and the effects of that flow on factors or decisions that control another level (element) of the system. Positive feedback loops are growth-producing processes, by which growth generates further action that results in further growth. For example, population growth, and housing and highway construction can form a positive feedback loop, whereby population growth stimulates construction, which in turn stimulates additional population growth.
Although the proportion of people who elect to abstain from alcohol varies across communities and cultures, alcohol is likely to be consumed in some form by a significant percentage of the population where it is not forbidden. In a community system, drinking is manifested in the Consumption Subsystem. Each member of a community can be described according to his or her patterns of drinking (including abstention), characterized by quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption and by rates of intoxication.
Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention by Harold D. Holder