An Introduction to Analytic Philosophy: Paradoxes, Arguments by Paul Franceschi PDF

By Paul Franceschi

ISBN-10: 1482739836

ISBN-13: 9781482739831

During this e-book, Paul Franceschi offers us with an creation to analytic philosophy. In a concrete means, he chooses to explain 40 paradoxes, arguments or philosophical matters that characterize such a lot of demanding situations for modern philosophy and human intelligence, for a few paradoxes of millennial origin—such because the Liar or the sorites paradox—are nonetheless unresolved at present. another philosophical puzzles, however—such because the Doomsday argument—appeared only in the near past within the literature. the writer strives to introduce us essentially to every of those difficulties in addition to to significant makes an attempt which have been formulated to unravel them.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Analytic Philosophy: Paradoxes, Arguments and Contemporary Problems

Example text

Moreover, one will find in Pascal, with the Wager argument, all the criteria of a detailed, accurate and clear argumentation. And most importantly, we can notice that Descartes was practicing an astonishingly pure and avant-gardist analytical style. Many of the arguments of Descartes could have been included without change in the contemporary analytic philosophical literature. In the present work, one will thus find the famous cogito argument, the evil demon argument, the ontological argument of Descartes, as well as an argument in favor of mind/body dualism.

Moreover, if one takes into account ancient and classical philosophers, it is clear that such a viewpoint proves to be incorrect, because one can find a particularly pure analytical style on the banks of the Mediterranean, in the writings of several philosophers of antiquity. The classical Greek philosophers, inventors of famous unresolved paradoxes such as the Liar, the sorites paradox, but also the paradoxes of Zeno of Elea, constitute outstanding examples. With Plato in particular, one can also find the clarity of the argument in the famous Allegory of the cave.

G. g. a value of n equal to 100), which constitute a penumbra zone between the notions of heap and non-heap. According to the approach by degrees, the truth value of the induction step is 1 when one is in the presence of proper instances. But when it comes to borderline cases, its truth value is less than 1. It follows finally that the truth value of the induction step, when considering all possible values of n, is slightly less than 1. And this is sufficient to partially block the deductive process and finally prevent us from reaching the final conclusion.

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An Introduction to Analytic Philosophy: Paradoxes, Arguments and Contemporary Problems by Paul Franceschi

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