Claude Lévi-Strauss, Jane Marie Todd, Maurice Olender's Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World PDF
By Claude Lévi-Strauss, Jane Marie Todd, Maurice Olender
Anthropology Confronts the issues of the trendy World is the 1st English translation of a sequence of lectures Claude Lévi-Strauss added in Tokyo in 1986. Written with an eye fixed towards the longer term as his personal exotic profession used to be drawing to an in depth, this quantity offers a synthesis of the author’s significant rules approximately structural anthropology, a box he helped identify. Critiquing insights of his previous writings at the courting among race, background, and civilization, Lévi-Strauss revisits the social concerns that by no means ceased to fascinate him.
He starts with the statement that the cultural supremacy loved by way of the West for over centuries is at an finish. international wars and genocides within the 20th century have fatally undermined Western religion in humanity’s development via medical growth. Anthropology, besides the fact that, will be the motor vehicle of a brand new “democratic humanism,” broadening conventional frameworks that experience limited cross-cultural understandings of the human situation, and offering a foundation for inquiries into what different civilizations, reminiscent of these of Asia, can teach.
Surveying an international close to the twenty-first century, Lévi-Strauss assesses a number of the dilemmas of cultural and ethical relativism a globalized society faces—ethical dimensions of monetary inequality, the increase of alternative kinds of spiritual fundamentalism, the promise and peril of genetic and reproductive engineering. A laboratory of suggestion establishing onto the longer term, Anthropology Confronts the issues of the trendy World is a crucial addition to the canon of 1 of the twentieth-century’s so much influential theorists.
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Additional info for Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World
And since their technical level is generally very low, most have left no figurative monuments. It was therefore necessary to equip humanism with new tools of investigation. The means available to anthropology are at once more external and more internal (we could also say, both cruder and more reÂ�fined) than those of its predecessors, philology and hisÂ�tory. To penetrate soÂ�ciÂ� eties that are not easily accessible, the anthropologistÂ€must place himself very much on the outside, as physical anthropology, prehisÂ�tory, and technology do.
It is therefore the new reproductive technologies, made possible by the progÂ�ress of biology, that have caused the recent confusion. In a realm essential to the maintenance of social order, our legal notions and our moral and philosophical beliefs prove to be incapable of findÂ�ing ways to respond to new situations. How are we to deÂ�fine the relationship between biological kinship and social filiation, which have now become separated? What will the moral and social consequences of the dissociation between reproduction and sexuality be?
But, by virtue of the ethnologist’s idenÂ�tiÂ�fiÂ�caÂ�tion with the group, whose existence he shares, and by the importance he will attach—for lack of other means of information—to the slightest nuances of the indigenous people’s mental life, he also places himself very much on the inside. Anthropology, always falling short of or overshooting traditional humanism, ventures outside it in evÂ� 34 THE END OF THE W EST ’ S C ULTURAL SUPRE M A C Y ery direction. Its field encompasses the totality of the inhabited earth, while its method combines procedures that originated in evÂ�ery discipline of the human and social sciences.
Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World by Claude Lévi-Strauss, Jane Marie Todd, Maurice Olender